The Importance of New Statements on Sovereignty in Cyberspace by Austria, the Czech Republic and United States

With now five States openly supporting the sovereignty-as-a-rule position, the U.K. and United States (or at least the U.S. Department of Defense) find themselves in the minority, and the weight of international opinion might potentially be slowly turning toward the opposite view. Of course, it is still too early to tell how the debate will [...]

A Review of “Contested World Orders” edited by Matthew D. Stephen and Michael Zurn

In this impressive collection, political theorists map the contours of today’s unsettled global order. Stephen and Zurn argue that the current struggle over world order is unlike past great-power collisions, when the terms of the global order were decided in a contest between a rising power and a declining one. In this era, the global [...]

Free Will Skepticism in Law and Society: Challenging Retributive Justice // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame

Caruso's and Waller's contributions have the dual merits of identifying pragmatic consequences largely overlooked in the standard free will literature thus far, as well as offering persuasive and nuanced suggestions for where to look for non-retributive alternatives that may make us significantly better off as a more egalitarian and compassionate society. Perhaps one worry worth [...]

Who will head WIPO? – The Washington Post

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), a U.N. agency specializing in intellectual property protection, will pick a new head this week. China now heads up four of the 15 U.N. specialized agencies — the International Civil Aviation Organization, the International Telecommunication Union, the Food and Agriculture Organization, and the U.N. Industrial Development Organization. Beijing is [...]

Power Politics Could Impede Progress on Responsible Regulation of Cyberspace | Chatham House

A new Chatham House paper examines the prospects of countries reaching agreement on issues of sovereignty and non-intervention in cyberspace in the face of persistent, low-level, state-to-state cyber attacks. — Read on

The Application of International Law to Cyberspace: Sovereignty and Non-intervention

The term “cyber attack” sounds dramatic, invoking images of war. Many commentators have talked about how the law on the use of force and the law of armed conflict apply to cyber attacks. But the reality is that cyber incursions by one State into another State’s territory are both more frequent and less dramatic than [...]

The Application of International Law to State Cyberattacks: Sovereignty and Non-Intervention | Chatham House

Hostile cyber operations by one state against another state are increasingly common. This paper analyzes the application of the sovereignty and non-intervention principles in relation to states’ cyber operations in another state below the threshold of the use of force.  — Read on

Putting human rights law at the core of debates on online political campaigning | OpenGlobalRights

Regulators have clearly struggled to keep up with the pace of change in online political campaigning. As technology has developed, the problems have become more evident: we are seeing disinformation and divisive content; exploitation of algorithms and use of bots, cyborgs and fake accounts; micro-targeting on the basis of detailed personal data and psychological profiling; [...]

Sieges, the Law and Protecting Civilians | Chatham House

Siege warfare has been employed throughout the ages and remains dramatically relevant today. Questions of the compatibility of this practice with international humanitarian law (IHL) arise when besieged areas contain civilians as well as enemy forces. This briefing addresses those rules of IHL that are particularly relevant to sieges.  — Read on

Sun Tzu’s Art of War: Geopolitics of Ancient China Sun Tzu's Art of War is the perennial classic of grand strategy, marking a paradigm shift in the organisation of warfare in not just Chinese but world history. Master Sun professes the importance of training, leadership and the study of warfare not just as an art but also as a science. 'The use of [...]