March of the Turanians: how Central Asian horselords shaped the modern world

From the 5th Century AD to the 12th Century AD, wave after wave of nomadic horse lords marched out of their Central Asian homelands, changing, forever, the course of history in Europe, South Asia and India, and, even, China. It all began with Attila the Hun, who, arguably, sounded the death knell of the Western [...]

Halford Mackinder’s Geographic Pivot of History

In this richly illustrated presentation, we discuss the theory for Geographic Causation in Universal History proposed by Sir Halford Mackinder in his paper - The Geographic Pivot of History delivered as a lecture in 1904. Art enthusiasts will be interested in seeing how the selection of classic paintings used in the lecture synchronise with the [...]