The king of Haiti and the dilemmas of freedom in a colonised world | Aeon Essays

In the early 19th century, Haiti was the only example in the Americas of a nation populated primarily by former enslaved Africans who had become free and independent. Other nations, including Haiti’s trading partners, were determined to prevent abolition and their colonies from becoming free, so they refused to recognise Haitian sovereignty. When France finally [...]

Matt Zwolinski | A moral case for Universal Basic Income | The Critic Magazine

Precisely how large a UBI should be, who exactly should be eligible to receive it, and how it should be financed and distributed are, of course, important questions that political philosophy alone cannot answer. But for most of us, these questions of policy design, important as they are, are secondary to matters of principle. If [...]

Mary Anne Talbot – Wikipedia

Mary Anne Talbot also known as John Taylor[1] (2 February 1778[2] – 4 February 1808) was an Englishwoman who wore male dress and became a soldier and sailor during the French Revolutionary Wars. — Read on en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Anne_Talbot

The Violent Visions of Slavoj Žižek | by John Gray | The New York Review of Books

Few thinkers illustrate the contradictions of contemporary capitalism better than the Slovenian philosopher and cultural theorist Slavoj Žižek. The financial and economic crisis has demonstrated the fragility of the free market system that its defenders believed had triumphed in the cold war; but there is no sign of anything resembling the socialist project that in [...]

The Unlikely Life of a Socialist Activist Resonates a Century Later – The New York Times

She was an impoverished Jewish immigrant from Russia who had started working in a cigar factory at the age of 11; he was the scion of an old-money Episcopalian family who enjoyed a mansion on Madison Avenue and a weekend house with a bowling alley. When Rose Pastor married James Graham Phelps Stokes on the [...]

Native American Boarding Schools and Forced Assimilation – SAPIENS

In the 19th and 20th centuries, the United States government used family separation and schools to try to erase Native American children’s traditional cultures and languages. A newly published archive of photographs visually documents some Indigenous peoples’ struggle for survival. — Read on http://www.sapiens.org/culture/native-american-boarding-schools-photos/

Pablo Neruda Saved Thousands of War Refugees. Isabel Allende Imagines Two of Them. – The New York Times

In January of 1939, after three and a half years of devastating civil war, Francisco Franco defeated Spain’s Republican army at Barcelona, clinching a dictatorship that would last for nearly a half-century and displacing hundreds of thousands of soldiers, activists and Republican supporters. Many fled across the Pyrenees into France thinking they’d escaped the worst, [...]

Hope theory: the possibilities of positive psychology for alleviating stress and achieving goals – PsycNET

Hope is defined as the perceived ability to produce pathways to achieve desired goals and to motivate oneself to use those pathways. The historical origins of hope theory are reviewed. Definitions and explanations are given for the core concepts of Snyder's (1994c) cognitive model of hope, including goals, pathways, and agency. Goals are abstract mental [...]