Why the World Should Care About Language in Inner Mongolia – The Diplomat

On August 26 China passed a law to sideline teaching in the Mongolian language in the region of Inner Mongolia (also referred to as Southern Mongolia). This measure, which sparked immediate protests, will create irreparable losses not just for ethnic Mongolians, but also for many cultures around the world. What is at stake here is [...]

The ancient world teemed with birds; now we think with them | Aeon Essays

Birds have always been important ‘markers’, associated with particular seasons, times and places. In the ancient world, weather and seasonal changes were matters of vital consequence for agriculture, travel, trade and the rounds of domestic life, and birds served as a standard point of reference in calibrating and interpreting the cycles of the year. In [...]

Age of Gilgamesh (3000 BC to 2500 BC) : Geopolitics of Ancient Mesopotamia

https://www.youtube.com/embed/z8rMp_AeR5M Age of Gilgamesh In this presentation we will begin exploring the beginnings of recorded history in Mesopotamia, beginning from the early third millennium BC. We will explore the lives of some great heroic kings of Sumeria, as they led Sumeria from a region of small city states to the first empires which dominated the [...]

Time of the Magicians by Wolfram Eilenberger review – philosophy’s great decade? | Philosophy books | The Guardian

The story, told with free-wheeling gusto, of four German thinkers – Martin Heidegger, Walter Benjamin, Ernst Cassirer and Ludwig Wittgenstein – before the dark decade of the 1930s — Read on http://www.theguardian.com/books/2020/aug/13/time-of-the-magicians-by-wolfram-eilenberger-review-philosophys-great-decade

‘We’ve Already Survived an Apocalypse’: Indigenous Writers Are Changing Sci-Fi – The New York Times

Dimaline, along with Waubgeshig Rice, Rebecca Roanhorse, Darcie Little Badger and Stephen Graham Jones, who has been called “the Jordan Peele of horror literature,” are some of the Indigenous novelists reshaping North American science fiction, horror and fantasy — genres in which Native writers have long been overlooked. Their fiction often draws on Native American [...]

Ashoka’s ethical infrastructure is carved into India’s rocks | Aeon Essays

In the Khyber valley of Northern Pakistan, three large boulders sit atop a hill commanding a beautiful prospect of the city of Mansehra. A low brick wall surrounds these boulders; a simple roof, mounted on four brick pillars, protects the rock faces from wind and rain. This structure preserves for posterity the words inscribed there: [...]

Genetic origins of the Minoans and Mycenaeans | Nature

The origins of the Bronze Age Minoan and Mycenaean cultures have puzzled archaeologists for more than a century. We have assembled genome-wide data from 19 ancient individuals, including Minoans from Crete, Mycenaeans from mainland Greece, and their eastern neighbours from southwestern Anatolia. Here we show that Minoans and Mycenaeans were genetically similar, having at least [...]