Ashoka’s ethical infrastructure is carved into India’s rocks | Aeon Essays

In the Khyber valley of Northern Pakistan, three large boulders sit atop a hill commanding a beautiful prospect of the city of Mansehra. A low brick wall surrounds these boulders; a simple roof, mounted on four brick pillars, protects the rock faces from wind and rain. This structure preserves for posterity the words inscribed there: [...]

We may not be able to leave the house, but these transporting books whisk us to Central Asia – The Washington Post

“Discovering Cyrus,” “The Road to Oxiana,” “The Nature of Alexander” and more. — Read on

Looking at War Across 2,500 Years – The New York Times

I think the United States was right to invade Afghanistan after 9/11 (yet wrong to stay any longer than six months). But even as I differed with his words, I was glad to read them. Edstrom is asking hard questions that both the American people and their leaders have sidestepped for years. For example, he [...]

U.S. officials misled the public about the war in Afghanistan, confidential documents reveal – Washington Post

For nearly two decades of war in Afghanistan, U.S. leaders have sounded a constant refrain: We are making progress. They were not, documents show, and they knew it. — Read on

Rise and Fall of the Indus Valley Civilisation: a perspective

    The Indus Valley Civilisation lasted from the late fifth to the second millennium BC, developed a vast network of well planned settlements and engaged in long distance trade with Egypt and Mesopotamia. The civilisation was referred to as Meluhha in Mesopotamian sources - a name which still exists in India for many fertile [...]

Afghanistan geo-strategically important for India; could be tapped for defence exports – The Financial Express

The testbed for holding a more comprehensive round of talks with Afghanistan has been considered successful by the parties involved. The US and Taliban have signed an agreement on February 29, 2019, that could usher in peace after a 19-year-old war. It has taken 10 years of intermittent engagement with the Taliban for the Americans [...]

Why America Failed in Afghanistan

Winning in Afghanistan was always going to be difficult, but avoidable errors have made it impossible. The United States failed in Afghanistan largely because of intractable grievances, Pakistan’s meddling, and an intense Afghan commitment to resisting occupiers, and it stayed largely because of unrelenting terrorist threats and their effect on U.S. electoral politics. There were [...]

For peace in Afghanistan, Pakistan is the key – Asia Times

the Afghan war is mutating. No surprises here, since this has been at its core all along a Clausewitzian war – a continuation of politics by other means. The US intends to keep select military bases in Afghanistan, which it rebuilt and equipped at very considerable cost, anticipating a long-term military and intelligence deployment. What [...]

Afghanistan claims the Islamic State was ‘obliterated.’ But fighters who got away could stage a resurgence. – The Washington Post

ACHIN, Afghanistan — For nearly four years, U.S. and Afghan forces unleashed hundreds of punishing airstrikes in this remote corner of mountainous eastern Afghanistan. The strikes transformed clusters of sparse farming villages, cratering dirt roads and, in some areas, leaving every third mud house demolished. The target: the Islamic State, whose offshoot in Afghanistan was [...]