The U.S. government should realign its objectives towards the Atlantic Alliance in the Middle East with the reality of NATO’s regional engagement. Given the limitations of NATO’s military cooperation—however, small successes it has yielded—and its security assistance, it should not expect to decisively impact the military effectiveness of Middle Eastern partners. But NATO has and can continue to make a difference on other issues by reinforcing multinational defense diplomacy, helping Arab military forces identify best practices for joint planning, and common training and education programs. By emphasizing multilateral cooperation, the alliance can strengthen the security architecture of the Middle East—a worthy ultimate goal in the region.
— Read on carnegieendowment.org/sada/81740