Hope theory describes how thinking about one’s motivation and perceived capability of attaining a goal and about the pathways leading to that goal influence how we set and go after what is important to us. It also suggests that goals, especially smaller ones, can serve as pathways to other larger goals. This theoretical framework is further supported by research showing that goal setting promotes behavioral change, which can improve well-being even in the context of major depression. Moreover, the act of setting goals, particularly those that are diverse and of high personal value, increases productivity at work, which may subsequently help alleviate stress by decreasing the demands of one’s work environment.
— Read on blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/how-i-broke-the-cycle-of-stress/