How Roman skeptics shaped debates about God | OUPblog

Cicero (106 —43 BCE) was equally troubled about popular piety and wrote three books against deformed religious beliefs: On the Nature of the Gods, On Fate, and On Divination. But unlike Lucretius he made a clear distinction between practice and belief.  Active involvement in religious life was fine, but only out of respect for cultural tradition, state order and “the opinion of the masses.”  You don’t have to actually believe in it. Even so, Cicero was unwilling to jettison God. He writes in On Divination, “…The celestial order and the beauty of the universe compel me to confess that there is some excellent and eternal Being who deserves the respect and homage of men.”
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