The 2010–11 Arab uprisings undid an older order. Ottaway and Ottaway bring unrivaled cumulative experience to the analysis of a region they divide into four parts: the “non-states” in the Levant (Iraq, Lebanon, and Syria); an authoritarian Egypt; the bustling emirates of the Gulf (poorly led by Saudi Arabia); and Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia, the three Maghreb states that are drifting away from the Arab world and toward sub-Saharan Africa and Europe. The region’s newly fragmented configuration invites intervention from Iran, Russia, Turkey, and the United States. Curiously, the authors barely mention Israel, which is heavily involved in Lebanon and Syria. The Arab uprisings precipitated the greater entry of Islamic organizations into formal politics.
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