Geopolitics of Ancient Greece: Herodotus, Thucydides and Xenophon

Geopolitics of Ancient Greece: Herodotus, Thucydides and Xenophon
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In this presentation we will discuss lessons for geopolitics from three great books written in Ancient Greece. The Histories of Herodotus, the History of Peloponnesian War by Thucydides and the Hellenica by Xenophon.

While Herodotus is considered to be the Father of History, interestingly, he is also seen as among the first practitioners of Geopolitics by the French School of Geopolitique. A leading journal is named after Herodotus: Thucydides is increasingly relevant in our times as scholars look to his understanding of the Peloponnesian war to explain the future of the world order in the coming decades of the 21st century. While the lesser known among the three, Xenophon’s writings have been considered to be of great importance for political theory, philosophy (he was a student of Socrates) and, of course, history.

While the Histories is among the earliest accounts of the Ancient Mediterranean world, there is a theoretical method based on the triadic relationship: of the nature of physical space, that is the geographical dimension, how people adapt to these different geographies, and what kind of political order emerges, over time, due to this adaptation. Similarly we will look at Thucydides’ thoughts on the relation